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  • 00:11

    SPEAKER: Your research question is the central puzzlethat your study aims to investigate.It governs every component of your research project definingwhat data you collect and how you analyze that.It also needs to be both feasible and worthyof academic attention.Your first step in finding an effective research questionis to choose a workable research topic.

  • 00:31

    SPEAKER [continued]: While some of the best research is motivatedby a strong personal interest in an issue,you should ensure that your topic has also general interestin your academic field.Does it address an important theoretical conceptor could it open up new avenues for research?Interesting topics are often thosethat pursue unexpected angles or that couldachieve surprising outcomes.

  • 00:51

    SPEAKER [continued]: Toiling away on a subject that motivates you, but isof limited interest to your field,can undermine the value of your effortsand make securing funding, research participationand a positive outcome from your project more difficult.Crafting a strong, relevant and worthy research questionfor your topic is an iterative process.Aim to start with a solid, but not necessarily perfect,research question.

  • 01:14

    SPEAKER [continued]: Then as you move back through your research designand encounter barriers and opportunities along the way,you can double back and adjust your research questionaccordingly.This iterative approach is effectivebecause you won't know at the outset whatexciting turns in the road you'll counter on your researchjourney.As you craft your research question, ask yourself,what are you looking to find out?

  • 01:36

    SPEAKER [continued]: What are your key explanatory, also knownas independent variables, and what are your outcomeor dependent variables?What data do you need in order to answer your researchquestion, and can you gather these datain the time you have available?You will also want to consider whether your researchresults would add to the established knowledgeby shedding light on a new or under researched dimensionof the topic.

  • 01:59

    SPEAKER [continued]: There are some principles to guide the developmentof your research question.In your research question, add a gapin the existing research literaturethat you can demonstrate to your readers.Ensure that your question is answerable.A narrow and specific research question with clear boundariesmeans you're creating a manageable and feasibleresearch task for yourself.

  • 02:19

    SPEAKER [continued]: Your question should be analytical and demonstratemore than mere description in orderto contribute to general knowledge about your topic.Ensure that your research questionis clear, focused and easy to understand.It should simply and briefly communicate the key informationabout what variables you will be exploring.Remember, it is nearly impossibleto have a research question that is too focused.

  • 02:41

    SPEAKER [continued]: Developing an encircle research questionis the crucial first step in the research design process,and will be the foundation of your project.[MUSIC PLAYING]

Video Info

Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Publication Year: 2017

Video Type:Tutorial

Methods: Research questions

Keywords: practices, strategies, and tools; writing (communication)

Segment Info

Segment Num.: 1

Persons Discussed:

Events Discussed:



A research question needs to be based on a workable research topic and be focused and answerable.

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Writing an Effective Research Question

A research question needs to be based on a workable research topic and be focused and answerable.

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