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  • 00:17

    JOERI TIJDINK: Hello.Welcome to this video.Today, we're going to talk about responsible supervisionand mentoring guidelines for research institutions.My name is Joeri Tijdink.I'm a Research Integrity Researcher and AssistantProfessor at the Amsterdam University Medical Center'sthe Department of Ethics Law and Humanities.

  • 00:40

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And next to my work as a Researcher,I'm also a Clinical Psychiatrist.To be honest, I'm really a research--a mentoring-- supervision and mentoring enthusiast.I really believe that research mentoringand responsible supervision is a key element how

  • 01:00

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: we can improve research culture and howwe can improve research--responsible conduct of research.And this video today I developed together with Daniel Pizzolato.Daniel is a PhD student at the Academy Leuven.And he did a great job in helpingme constructing this video and these slides for today's video.

  • 01:32

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: If you look at the European Code of Conductfor Research Integrity, then you see as the second main elementof this code-- you see that training, supervision,and mentoring is one of the key practices.And this means that "senior researchers, research leaders,and supervisors mentor their team members and offer

  • 01:52

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: specific guidance and training to properly develop, design,and structure their research activityand to foster a culture of research integrity."This may sound a little bit vague.And this is also one of the key reasonswhy we develop some guidelines for institutionshow we can improve training, supervision, and mentoring--

  • 02:13

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: because there are only a few examples of best practicesof supervision and mentoring.And supervision cannot be equated to a single coursefor supervisors, as it requires a continuous effort to improveas a mentor or as a trainer, such as workshops or courses,but also, informal training, such as informal discussions

  • 02:36

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: with peers.And furthermore, to be-- successfully implementsupervision guidelines, we have to knowmore about good and responsible supervisionand how institutions can foster mentoring clients.And this is essential because thereis a gap in the literature about these policies relatedto supervision and mentoring.

  • 03:03

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: Institutions need some more guidanceto foster this supervision and mentoringclimates with supervision and mentoring policies.And this is exactly what we have developedin this SOPs4RI project.And our study aim for this specific topicwas to go co-create guidelines on responsible supervisionand mentoring together with the key stakeholders.

  • 03:27

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And the key stakeholders are, of course, professors,researchers, administrators, ombudspeople allwho are involved in supervision and mentoring of team members,but more specifically, of early career researchers.So institutional responsibilitiestowards PhD students-- this is important.Supervision requirements and institutional responsibilities

  • 03:50

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: towards supervisors--and thirdly, building and leading and effective teamis also important because if you mentor and if you supervise,then you also have to know how you have to buildand how you have to lead a team.And this is not easy.So institutional responsibilitiestowards research leaders are a key element here.

  • 04:11

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And policies can help them make it easierto acquire these skills and to improve these skills.So what did we do?We did four co-creation workshops with experts

  • 04:32

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: in the field of research integrity and supervisionand mentoring.And we conducted these four co-creation workshops togetherwith four--in total, 16 experts from 11 different countries in Europe.Our participants consisted of research managers,senior researchers, research head scientific coordinators,

  • 04:55

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: and publishers.And you can see some more detailsof these specific method here in these slides.Before we started these co-creation workshops,we already determined three different sub-topics.One is we need to help PhD students to receivegood supervision and mentoring.Two, we need to train supervisors.

  • 05:17

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And therefore, we need supervision requirementsand guidelines.And the third topic, as I said, is to build and leadan effective team.So what is important for PhD students?

  • 05:39

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And what are important PhD guidelines?What can institutions do to implement these PhD guidelines?First of all, institution has a responsibilityto train PhD students not only to become a good researcher,but also to become a good supervisor themselvesbecause they have to supervise and theyhave to mentor their bachelor and master's students.

  • 05:60

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: Secondly, they have to support a PhD communitywhere there is easy PhD interactions, peer to peer,where they can talk about supervision,where they talk about mentoring.And they have to be fortified or to bestrengthened to discuss expectationswith their supervisor.And thirdly, what a institution can provide

  • 06:22

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: is a PhD supervisor written agreementwhere you can write down what a PhD entailsand what a PhD and a supervisor can expect from each other.Lastly, an institution has a certain responsibilityto support PhD well-being and shouldhave some guidelines for that.

  • 06:50

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: That was the first sub-topic.Then we go to the second sub-topic,and that's what are exactly supervision requirementsand guidelines, first of all.And that's extremely important.There should be time allocation not only for doing research,but also for learning how to become a good supervisor,and also to have supervision activities planned.

  • 07:14

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: The second thing is that you needto receive training; training for mentors, trainingfor supervisors and involve mentorsin training doctoral students on howto supervise master's students.The third one is good supervision.It can require regular meetings, of course.It can be an open door policy.

  • 07:34

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And there should be certain rewards and recognitionsfor supervision skills because currently in academia,having the right rewards and the right recognitionfor research activities is a key element.The supervision should be one of them.Furthermore, research environments-- a supervisoris also responsible for not just their supervision,

  • 07:56

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: but also for their whole research academic environments.And furthermore, there should be sustainable contentwithin the supervision with a focus on personalityor communication skills and other more soft skills,development of a responsible supervisor.You should be aware of being a role model for your doctoral

  • 08:17

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: and your master's students.And there's an institutional responsibilityin supporting supervision practicesfor creating support structures for the well-beingof the supervisors as well.Then we go to the third sub-topic,

  • 08:38

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: which is building and leading an effective team.And you can ask yourself, what can an institutiondo to foster this, to help a research leader to buildand lead a team?Of course, this requires some independenceof a research leader.It should also acknowledge that leading a team is not easy

  • 08:58

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: and that mistakes will be made.There should be a community where research leaders canlearn from each other, so how they can improve their leadingskills.The soft skill development of leaders is also very important.And reflection on this by good training of research leaderscan be very helpful.There are certain responsibilities

  • 09:20

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: that a research leader should be awareof, such as role-modeling, as I mentioned earlierin the second sub-topic, but alsothe well-being-- how to make sure the people in your teamfeel OK; to take care of their well-being.And furthermore, an institution has a certain responsibilityto create a support structure for the well-being of research

  • 09:42

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: leaders themselves.And finally, and this is more the administrative partof being a leader--is that there should be good administrative supports.There should be good financial support.And there should be good editing support for a research leadingteam.

  • 10:07

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: To reflect on this, these guidelinesrepresent some more tangible guidancefor research institutions on how to developa coherent and overarching supervision policy.And according to the participantsin our co-creation workshops, these guidelinesare well-developed.

  • 10:28

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: However, further refinements of these guidelines is necessary.And we need to--because we have to make sure that the policies that wehave developed are--fit into every research institutionbecause every research institutionis different discipline.It should be discipline-specific.

  • 10:49

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And there should be-- it should be tailoredon specific countries because every country hasdifferent ways how they shape their supervision and mentoringpractices.Considering the differences among research institutionsand infrastructures-- and there shouldbe an existing awareness in various countries

  • 11:10

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: and institutions.Implementing these guidelines might take more timefor some institutions than others.In either case, gradual implementationof these guidelines will be needed.It is not impossible.And our guidance can be the first stepin making supervision and mentoring guidelinesmore common ground at the institution.

  • 11:32

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: And this is needed.This research integrity is currently in the limelight.And institutional responsibilities are warranted.And institutions should take the first stepand should help their staff in further fosteringa responsible research culture and responsible research

  • 11:52

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: practices.In this video, we've presented an overviewof the institutional guidelines on supervision and mentoringfrom the SOPs4RI co-creation workshop.As you see, there are already a lot

  • 12:12

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: of things that are-- that an institution cando to improve guidance on supervision and mentoringand make it easier to implement.And we hope that these guidelinescan help institutions to provide successful research integrity,mentoring, and supervision across the institution

  • 12:33

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: in order to promote responsible research practicesand create a culture of research integrity.If you want to know more--that's possible-- you can always check outour website, can also check our study protocol.And, of course, you can always contact us.And we're very happy to talk with you

  • 12:54

    JOERI TIJDINK [continued]: or to help you in further developingresearch integrity guidelines for supervision and mentoring.Thank you for today, for watching us.And please stay tuned for more videosin this beautiful SAGE collection.

Video Info

Series Name: SOPs4RI

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Ltd.

Publication Year: 2022

Video Type:Case Study

Methods: Research ethics, Collaborative research, Integrity, Researcher skills, Educational research, Researcher development

Keywords: codes of conduct; collaboration; community building; data collection; guidelines as topic; integrity; mentoring; research ethics; research skills; Supervision; team building; team leadership; training and skill acquisition ... Show More

Segment Info

Segment Num.: 1

Persons Discussed:

Events Discussed:



Joeri Tijdink, Integrity Researcher and Assistant Professor at Amsterdam University, discusses developing research integrity supervision and mentoring guidelines, including developing a culture of research integrity and guidelines for PhD students, supervisors, and research team leaders.

Video Info

Publication Info

SAGE Publications, Ltd.
Publication Year:
SAGE Research Methods Video: Research Ethics and Integrity
Publication Place:
United Kingdom
SAGE Original Production Type:
SAGE Case Studies
Copyright Statement:
©SAGE Publications Ltd., 2022


Joeri Tijdink
Daniel Pizzolato

Segment Info


Segment Num: 1


Segment Start Time:

Segment End Time:


Things Discussed

Organizations Discussed:

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Persons Discussed:



    Further Reading

    Standard Operating Procedures for Research Integrity. SOPs4RI,

    Further Reading

    Labib, K., Pizzolato, D., Taraj, B., & Et al., (2020).SOPs4RI co-creation workshops study protocol. SOPs4RI,

Methods Map

Research ethics

The field of moral philosophy dealing with the standards by which behaviour should be regulated within research.
Research ethics
Developing Research Integrity Supervision and Mentoring Guidelines

Joeri Tijdink, Integrity Researcher and Assistant Professor at Amsterdam University, discusses developing research integrity supervision and mentoring guidelines, including developing a culture of research integrity and guidelines for PhD students, supervisors, and research team leaders.

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