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  • 00:17

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN: Hello.So my name is Noemie Aubert Bonn.I come from Canada, but now I'm a Postdoctoral Researcherin Amsterdam University Medical Centers in The Netherlandsas well as in Hasselt University in Belgium.So I just recently graduated from my PhD.For my PhD, I looked at the ways in which research assessments

  • 00:39

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: influence the integrity and the quality of science.Here I'm going to talk about my involvementin the project called Standard OperatingProcedures for Research Integrity, so for short,SOPs4RI.So I'm a postdoctoral researcher on the SOPs4RI project,

  • 01:01

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: and I helped to coordinate the different work packagesto make sure that the toolbox is built on the knowledgethat we gain from all the different work packages and allthe different actors that work together on the consortium.So I'm also involved in the SOPs4RI project

  • 01:21

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: to help build some guidelines that we're building.And the guidelines that I'm in charge ofare on research environment.So it's from these guidelines that Iwanted to talk about today.So when we talk about research integrity,

  • 01:43

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: we tend to look at individuals and add the researchersand their actions.But in reality, researchers' actions and decisionsare quite often influenced by the environment in which theywork.So, in fact, we know that researchers' environment playan important role in the occurrence of researchmisconduct as well as in the occurrence

  • 02:05

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: of questionable research practices.But building good and healthy research environmentsis not only something that individual researchers can do.It's also a responsibility of research institutions.

  • 02:27

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So as part of the SOPs4RI project,we looked for concrete actions that an institutioncould do to foster a responsible research environment.To do that, we used several empirical steps.And finally, we conducted the co-creation workshopto build guidelines for research institutions.

  • 02:48

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So you can see in our other videosto learn more about what co-creation actually isand how we use this method in this project.In short, we involve nine expertsin four different workshops to discuss four main topicsthat our project was looking at in terms of good researchenvironment.So these topics were community building, education and skills

  • 03:10

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: training, diversity and inclusion,and managing competition and publication pressure.So for each of these topics, we asked the expertsthat were present in the co-creation workshopto help us build a guidance that could help an institution buildbetter research environments.

  • 03:36

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So what did we find?Well, for each of the subtopics that we looked into,we found several aspects that the research environment--in which the research environmentscould change to help foster better research and betterintegrity.So in short, we found four ways in which research institutionscan help make better research environments

  • 03:59

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: for their researchers.We found that research environmentsshould be collaborative so that theyfoster community building and a positive research culture.We found that research environmentsshould be enriching through adequate education and skilltraining.We found that research environment shouldbe inclusive by fostering diversity and inclusion

  • 04:20

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: and that they should also be supportive to better managecompetition and publication pressure.But what does that mean in practice?Well, let's start with the first one.So research environments should be collaborative.Well, we found that institutions should promote collaboration,not only between researchers, institutions, and disciplines

  • 04:42

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: but also between the different levels within the institution.So, in other words, university management and executive boardsshould work together with researchersto understand what is needed and whatis valued on the research role.For example, that could include involving researchersin decisions on research policies

  • 05:04

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: and in decisions on university management.It could also include incentivizingdifferent research teams within the research institutionto collaborate with one another so that theycan apply to research funding scheme together insteadof as competitors.The second point we found was that research environment

  • 05:26

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: should be enriching.And what we mean by that is that research institutionsshould provide sufficient opportunitiesto allow researchers to build new skillsand to continue learning.So this includes training for research skills, of course,but also for skills that are not so often associated

  • 05:46

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: with research, for example, management skills,communication skills, or even emotional intelligence.These are skills that are rarely taught in research settings,but they could help researchers interact betterwith one another, especially in the hierarchies and supervisionsettings that are typical in academia.

  • 06:07

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: Researchers should also be given opportunitiesto try and work in different sectors, such as industry,policy, or the public sectors.So student exchange programs, for example,or mobility schemes could help encourage researchersto build new skills, broaden their network,and possibly to even embrace careers outside of academia.

  • 06:30

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So in this sense, providing researcherswith an enriching environment could help tacklethe precarity and the lack of career opportunitiesthat young researchers often face in academia today.Third point, research environmentsshould also be inclusive.So policies should be in place to ensure diversity

  • 06:52

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: and inclusion and to ensure that everyone feels that they arein a safe place where they're not at risk of harm,discrimination, or harassment.To do this, institutions should give the exampleby having balanced executive boards, evaluation committees,or hiring committees, for example,but they should also make efforts to raise awareness

  • 07:13

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: among research communities.So not only through training and workshopsbut also by transparently reportingtheir own shortcomings as an institution--for example, by committing to the Athena Swan Charter.And finally, inclusivity should alsonot be limited to gender and ethnicity

  • 07:33

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: but should be seen as an intersectional concept whichconsiders the cumulative impact of diversity issuesbut also other aspects of diversity, like careneeds, family issues, medical issues, or any other issuesthat led researchers to have career breaksor reduce productivity.

  • 07:55

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: And the last point that we found from our co-creation workshopis that institutions should be supportive of researchersto help them conduct high-quality and high-integrityresearch.In this regard, institutions should make surethat the way in which they assess researchersencourages high-quality research, rigorous research,

  • 08:17

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: and open science.For instance, the Hong Kong Principlesfor Assessing Researchers contains several examplesof institutions that changed the way theyassess their researchers to foster better research.Institutions also have a role to playin helping researchers keep a healthy lifestylewithout suffering in their career.

  • 08:38

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So this means that institutions shouldbe attentive and receptive to researchers' well-beingand mental health needs and shouldbe able to offer services when they're needed.And we also know that research contracts and funding schemestend to be short-term and highly competitive at the moment.So research institutions could help researchers

  • 08:58

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: feel more secure in their employmentby providing early career researchers with betterstability in their salary--for example, they could build an emergency fundto help young researchers keep a salary evenbetween funding contracts.

  • 09:18

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: So to summarize, in co-creating these guidelineswith relevant stakeholders, we wereable to identify key components of healthy researchenvironments.We found that to support research integrity,research environments should be collaborativeso that they foster community building.They should be enriching through adequate education, skill

  • 09:41

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: trainings, and opportunities.They should be inclusive to promote diversity,and they should be supportive to better managecompetition, publication pressure, and researchers'general well-being.So, of course, with all of that being said,we know that changing research environment is very difficult.It involves many different actors

  • 10:02

    NOEMIE AUBERT BONN [continued]: that requires a profound disruption of how we do things.But we hope that our guidance will help equip institutions sothat they can find concrete ways to provide better researchenvironments to their researchers.

Abstract

Noémie Aubert Bonin, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher at Amsterdam University Medical Center, discusses developing research integrity guidelines for responsible research environments, including the influence of research environments on research integrity and the creation of guidelines for institutions developing research environments.

Video Info

Publication Info

Publisher:
SAGE Publications, Ltd.
Publication Year:
2022
Product:
SAGE Research Methods Video: Research Ethics and Integrity
Publication Place:
United Kingdom
SAGE Original Production Type:
SAGE Case Studies
ISBN:
9781529792379
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781529792379
Copyright Statement:
©SAGE Publications Ltd., 2022

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Noemie Aubert Bonn

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Research ethics

The field of moral philosophy dealing with the standards by which behaviour should be regulated within research.
Research ethics
Developing Research Integrity Guidelines for Responsible Research Environments

Noémie Aubert Bonin, PhD, Postdoctoral Researcher at Amsterdam University Medical Center, discusses developing research integrity guidelines for responsible research environments, including the influence of research environments on research integrity and the creation of guidelines for institutions developing research environments.

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