This entry discusses the guidelines and professional norms determining who is credited as an author for a piece of academic writing. Whether the manuscript produced is a book, conference paper, technical report, or research article, the names on the final product and their order should reflect the relative contribution of those involved.

Number of Authors

Different professional societies and publications have different guidelines for who should be considered an author, but in general, a person whose involvement was “substantial” is included as an author, in that the manuscript would not have been produced without the person’s contribution. For example, conducting a literature search for related materials usually would not merit authorship, whereas writing the literature review would. Proofreading a manuscript before submission would not merit authorship, whereas ...

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