Resilience is a process that allows people to adapt in a constructive way to threats and adverse experiences. The construct of resilience is complex and multidimensional. Research in this area has focused on the developmental process of resilience. However, debates remain concerning how to define resilience and how to best measure adaptive outcomes after exposure to hardship. Although resilience can be understood through a variety of theoretical models, the underlying theme among them is that resilience is a process and not a personal attribute that some people have and others don’t.

This entry describes major developments of resilience from the field of clinical child and adolescent psychology. It begins by discussing the competing definitions of resilience and common problems with operationalizing and measuring resilience. It ...

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