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By: Gary Alan Fine & Jun Fang | Edited by: Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, Alexandru Cernat, Joseph W. Sakshaug & Richard A. Williams Published: 2019 | Length:   5 | DOI: |
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Idioculture has been defined as “a system of knowledge, beliefs, behaviors and customs shared by members of an interacting group to which members can refer and employ as the basis of further interaction” (Fine, 1979, p. 734). This working definition helps to specify the concept of culture, one of the most complicated and contentious words in the English language, that has often been conceptualized as a stable set of meanings and ideas that is tied to large-scale social systems. When seen in light of macrocultures, powerful cultural forces are treated as characteristic of nations and societies. One may speak confidently of American culture, French culture, and Chinese culture and assume that these “collective representations” shape the behaviors of groups and individuals. But in this, culture ...

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