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A Vignette-Based Approach to Predicting Behavioral Intentions When Managing Running Injuries

By: , & Published: 2020 | Product: SAGE Research Methods Cases: Medicine and Health
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Our research group employed a vignette-based approach, meaning we asked participants to respond to hypothetical scenarios, through an online survey to address three research questions related to the injury experience of recreational runners. Previous research indicated that recreational runners may attempt to self-treat running injuries, yet may have inaccurate ideas about effective treatment strategies. We wanted to know what runners would do if they experienced injury symptoms and if psychological factors would predict their behavioral intentions. One common challenge in sport injury research is getting an adequate sample size. To ensure this, our design allowed us to sample from a wide range of runners and not just those who were injured. We recruited recreational runners and presented them with written vignettes of hypothetical running injury symptoms. We then asked the runners if they could correctly identify the injury and what they would do if they experienced these symptoms. We also had runners complete psychological measures on five psychological constructs (i.e., perfectionism, obligatory motives for running, trait anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, and attentional focus during running) that had theoretical relevance to injury behavior in runners. Our discussion here focuses mainly on our decision-making processes throughout this study, as well as our successes and challenges.

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