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Benefits and Challenges With Conducting Focus Groups to Explore Diabetes Prevention Perceptions and Practices Among Black Church Congregants

Case
By: , & Published: 2020 | Product: SAGE Research Methods Cases: Medicine and Health
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Abstract

Historically, Black churches (i.e., churches primarily serving Blacks) have gone beyond their role of worship and addressed health issues in the Black community. Today, Black churches remain a prominent institution in the Black community and play a major role in developing and reinforcing health behaviors, thereby making them ideal settings for health promotion programming. This case study depicts how focus groups were designed and implemented to explore diabetes prevention perceptions and practices among Black church congregants. The case study reflects why focus groups were utilized and how qualitative data were collected. During data collection, we examined participants’ understanding of prediabetes and diabetes, prevention knowledge, benefits and barriers of an intervention program, and behavioral changes after program participation. The practicalities and methods in action of conducting focus groups are provided, and lessons learned are included to inform future data collection efforts of focus groups. It is expected that the information presented in this case study will facilitate the design and implementation of collecting qualitative data in an efficient manner.

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