This is an introductory text designed to show readers how to try using syntax themselves and to then support them through its use. It is ideal for those who are experienced in using SPSS through the usual button menu-driven graphical interface (GIF), but who are novices regarding syntax.

Increasing the Usability of the Datafile

Examples in this chapter will use the SPSS sample datasets




This chapter will explain the syntax commands that enable the user to: rename variables; label the variables; create the value labels; and ascribe missing values.

Good Practice

  • Always clearly label the values ascribed in nominal variables.
  • Always allocate informative and clear variable labels, indicating the ...
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