Ideal for researchers and graduate students in the social sciences who require knowledge of structural equation modeling techniques to answer substantive research questions, Using Mplus for Structural Equation Modeling provides a reader-friendly introduction to the major types of structural equation models implemented in the Mplus framework. This practical book, which updates author E. Kevin Kelloway’s 1998 book Using LISREL for Structural Equation Modeling, retains the successful five-step process employed in the earlier book, with a thorough update for use in the Mplus environment. Kelloway provides an overview of structural equation modeling techniques in Mplus, including the estimation of confirmatory factor analysis and observed variable path analysis. He also covers multilevel modeling for hypothesis testing in real life settings and offers an introduction to the extended capabilities of Mplus, such as exploratory structural equation modeling and estimation and testing of mediated relationships. A sample application with the source code, printout, and results is presented for each type of analysis.

Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Confirmatory Factor Analysis

In this chapter, we consider the operationalization of a measurement model through confirmatory factor analysis. As will become apparent, applications of confirmatory factor analysis are particularly appropriate when there is a debate about the dimensionality or factor structure of a scale or measure. In this chapter, we consider the dimensionality of a measure of union commitment.

O’Keefe, Kelloway, and Francis (2012) introduced OCEAN.20, a short (20-item) measure designed to measure the “Big 5” personality traits (openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism). In this chapter, we will conduct a confirmatory factor analysis of the scale on the basis of data drawn from 299 young workers. In doing so, we will draw on the five-stage process outlined earlier:

  • model specification,
  • identification,
  • estimation,
  • testing fit, and
  • respecification.

Model Specification

The ...

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