Over the past decade, a new set of interactive, open, participatory and networked spatial media have become widespread. These include mapping platforms, virtual globes, user-generated spatial databases, geodesign and architectural and planning tools, urban dashboards and citizen reporting geo-systems, augmented reality media, and locative media. Collectively these produce and mediate spatial big data and are re-shaping spatial knowledge, spatial behaviour, and spatial politics. Understanding Spatial Media brings together leading scholars from around the globe to examine these new spatial media, their attendant technologies, spatial data, and their social, economic and political effects. The 22 chapters are divided into the following sections: • Spatial media technologies • Spatial data and spatial media • The consequences of spatial media Understanding Spatial Media is the perfect introduction to this fast emerging phenomena for students and practitioners of geography, urban studies, data science, and media and communications.

Locative and Sousveillant Media

Locative and Sousveillant Media

Jim Thatcher

According to Dan Evans of Cisco, the year 2008 marked a turning point in humanity’s relationship to the internet – for the first time there were more devices connected than human beings currently alive (Evans, 2011). These devices are not simply phones, tablets and computers, but rather reflect a system of networked sensors and devices that increasingly monitor everything from earthquakes (Cochran et al., 2009) to cattle (Grobart, 2012) to steps taken by an individual. This chapter examines two interrelated, but distinct, types of digital data generated through sensors: sousveillant and locative. Sousveillant data are data created through self-monitoring via digital technologies (Mann et al., 2003). They are data which are ‘consciously employed and ...

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