Over the past decade, a new set of interactive, open, participatory and networked spatial media have become widespread. These include mapping platforms, virtual globes, user-generated spatial databases, geodesign and architectural and planning tools, urban dashboards and citizen reporting geo-systems, augmented reality media, and locative media. Collectively these produce and mediate spatial big data and are re-shaping spatial knowledge, spatial behaviour, and spatial politics. Understanding Spatial Media brings together leading scholars from around the globe to examine these new spatial media, their attendant technologies, spatial data, and their social, economic and political effects. The 22 chapters are divided into the following sections: • Spatial media technologies • Spatial data and spatial media • The consequences of spatial media Understanding Spatial Media is the perfect introduction to this fast emerging phenomena for students and practitioners of geography, urban studies, data science, and media and communications.

Openness, Transparency, Participation

Openness, Transparency, Participation

Tracey P. Lauriault Mary Francoli


In this chapter openness, transparency and participation are conceptually framed within the discursive regime of open government. Spatial media are understood as an evolving concept which include: geographic information systems (GIS) and maps; as media (Peterson, 1995; Sui and Goodchild, 2001; Wilson and Stephens, 2015), the spatial mediation of heterogeneous content (Cartwright et al., 2007); a way to ‘mediate seeing’ at a distance (Fremlin and Robinson, 1998); and cartographic mediation and the processes of geomediation (Pulsifer, 2005). In the open government space, spatial media are used to communicate how agencies are performing with respect to key indicators, to illustrate the spatial arrangement of policy adopters and violators, and ...

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