Understanding and Evaluating Research: A Critical Guide shows students how to be critical consumers of research and to appreciate the power of methodology as it shapes the research question, the use of theory in the study, the methods used, and how the outcomes are reported. The book starts with what it means to be a critical and uncritical reader of research, followed by a detailed chapter on methodology, and then proceeds to a discussion of each component of a research article as it is informed by the methodology. The book encourages readers to select an article from their discipline, learning along the way how to assess each component of the article and come to a judgment of its rigor or quality as a scholarly report.
Chapter 17: Argumentative Essays: Position, Discussion, and Think-Piece Papers
Argumentative Essays: Position, Discussion, and Think-Piece Papers
- Appreciate that argumentative essays are judged on the principles of sound reasoning and argumentation
- Explain the essence of what is involved in getting people to accept a proposition or premise about a topic or issue
- Compare and contrast the purpose of position (opinion), discussion, and think-piece papers
- Elaborate upon the format for argumentative essays (thesis, antithesis, synthesis)
- Appreciate the role of persuasive writing and rhetorical appeals in argumentative essays
- Explain Aristotle’s three forms of rhetoric (ethos, pathos, logos), and describe the intent of the rhetorical triangle
- Compare and contrast deductive and inductive argumentation
- Appreciate the power of logical fallacies
This book has addressed how to implement and to critique the components of a basic research paper: research methodology, research question and introduction, literature review, ...