Survey Methodology is becoming a more structured field of research, deserving of more and more academic attention. The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology explores both the increasingly scientific endeavour of surveys and their growing complexity, as different data collection modes and information sources are combined. The handbook takes a global approach, with a team of international experts looking at local and national specificities, as well as problems of cross-national, comparative survey research. The chapters are organized into seven major sections, each of which represents a stage in the survey life-cycle: Surveys and Societies Planning a Survey Measurement Sampling Data Collection Preparing Data for Use Assessing and Improving Data Quality The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology is a landmark and essential tool for any scholar within the social sciences.

Nonresponse Error: Detection and Correction

Jelke Bethlehem Barry Schouten


In this chapter, the focus is on unit-nonresponse, which in the following is simply referred to as nonresponse. Methodology is described for the detection of nonresponse bias and for the correction of nonresponse bias. Both detection and correction may take place during survey data collection and afterwards in the estimation. Adjustment during data collection refers to adaptive and responsive survey designs that have emerged in recent years.

Nonresponse detection may be viewed as a monitoring and analysis stage and serves methodology to minimize the impact of nonresponse in the data collection and/or in the estimation stage. In every stage, however, the central role is for auxiliary variables. In ...

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