Survey Methodology is becoming a more structured field of research, deserving of more and more academic attention. The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology explores both the increasingly scientific endeavour of surveys and their growing complexity, as different data collection modes and information sources are combined. The handbook takes a global approach, with a team of international experts looking at local and national specificities, as well as problems of cross-national, comparative survey research. The chapters are organized into seven major sections, each of which represents a stage in the survey life-cycle: Surveys and Societies Planning a Survey Measurement Sampling Data Collection Preparing Data for Use Assessing and Improving Data Quality The SAGE Handbook of Survey Methodology is a landmark and essential tool for any scholar within the social sciences.
Chapter 19: The Translation of Measurement Instruments for Cross-Cultural Surveys
The Translation of Measurement Instruments for Cross-Cultural Surveys
Cross-national surveys typically collect data by using an (almost) identical set of questions across different countries. The goal of cross-national surveys, that is, comparing countries or regions on various dimensions, requires that these questions are equivalent. Otherwise methodological artefacts might be taken as real similarities or differences between countries. Equivalence needs to be addressed ex-ante by adequate source questionnaire development, translation, and related testing; furthermore, it needs to be addressed ex-post by quantitative and/or qualitative assessments of questions. This chapter concentrates on the role of translation in the endeavor to produce equivalent questions in cross-national studies; it thus sheds light on what can be ...