Interviews were once thought to be the pipeline through which information was transmitted from a passive subject to an omniscient researcher. However the new `active interview' considers interviewers and interviewees as equal partners in constructing meaning around an interview. This interpretation changes a range of elements in the interview process - from the way of conceiving a sample to the ways in which the interview may be conducted and the results analyzed. In this guide, the authors outline the differences between active interviews and traditional interviews and give novice researchers clear guidelines on conducting a successful interview.

Constructing Meaning within the Interview

As we noted, the research topic establishes parameters of interest from the start of an interview, broadly framing the subject matter of forthcoming questions. Both the interviewer and the respondent assume that the respondent's answers and comments will orient to varied aspects of the ...

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