The editors introduce the core areas of current debate within historical theory, bringing the reader as up to date with continuing debates and current developments as is possible. The book is divided into three parts, covering: • Part I. Foundations: The Theoretical Grounds for Knowledge of the Past • Part II. Applications: Theory-Intensive Areas in History • Part III. Coda. Post-Postmodernism: Directions and Interrogations This important handbook brings together in one volume discussions of the role of modernity, empiricism, realism, post-modernity and deconstruction in the historian's craft. Chapters are written by leading writers from around the world and cover a wide spread of historical sub-disciplines, such as social history, intellectual history, narrative, gender, memory, psycho-analysis and cultural studies, taking in, along the way, the work of thinkers such as Paul Ricouer, Michel Foucault and Hayden White. The Sage Handbook of Historical Theory is an essential resource for practicing historians, and students of history, and will appeal to scholars in related disciplines in the social sciences and humanities who seek a closer understanding of the theoretical foundations of history.

Digital Information: ‘Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom …’ Is Digital a Cultural Revolution?

Valerie Johnson David Thomas

Introduction

The seemingly sleepy and unchanging world of archives, records and information has seen a paradigm shift in recent years. The dominance of parchment and paper has been challenged - and overthrown. During 2009-10, there were nearly 24 and a half million visits to The National Archives’ website, in comparison with over 90,000 onsite visitors to The National Archives’ reading rooms in Kew.1 Over 131 million documents were downloaded: over 220 times the number of original documents delivered onsite.2 In today's world, access to information is primarily online. The age of the digital record has arrived with a vengeance.

The Nature ...

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