The editors introduce the core areas of current debate within historical theory, bringing the reader as up to date with continuing debates and current developments as is possible. The book is divided into three parts, covering: • Part I. Foundations: The Theoretical Grounds for Knowledge of the Past • Part II. Applications: Theory-Intensive Areas in History • Part III. Coda. Post-Postmodernism: Directions and Interrogations This important handbook brings together in one volume discussions of the role of modernity, empiricism, realism, post-modernity and deconstruction in the historian's craft. Chapters are written by leading writers from around the world and cover a wide spread of historical sub-disciplines, such as social history, intellectual history, narrative, gender, memory, psycho-analysis and cultural studies, taking in, along the way, the work of thinkers such as Paul Ricouer, Michel Foucault and Hayden White. The Sage Handbook of Historical Theory is an essential resource for practicing historians, and students of history, and will appeal to scholars in related disciplines in the social sciences and humanities who seek a closer understanding of the theoretical foundations of history.
Chapter 12: History as Text: Narrative Theory and History
History as Text: Narrative Theory and History
On 22 July 2011, 32-year-old Anders Breivik exploded a bomb in the centre of Oslo killing eight people, and then travelled disguised as a police officer to the island of Utøya, the site of a Labour Party youth camp, where he opened fire and killed another 69. In the hours and days that followed, there was inevitably much speculation on the meaning of this horrendous and seemingly ‘senseless’ act. For some, Breivik's actions over a period of a couple of hours made sense as the culmination of an individual life that had derailed and lost touch with reality; it was the tragic result of an individual pathology. For others, the slaughter ...