The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.
Chapter 50: Bayesian Modeling and Inference: A Postmodern Perspective
Bayesian Modeling and Inference: A Postmodern Perspective
Bayesian methods and Bayesian inference are now ubiquitous in the social sciences, including political science and international relations. The reasons for this are numerous and include: a superior way to describe uncertainty, freedom from the deeply flawed Null Hypothesis Significance Testing paradigm, the ability to include previous information, more direct description of model features, and, most recently, statistical computing tools that make model computations easy. Yet this is not a static area in social science methodology, and new methodological developments are published at a rapid pace. The objective of this Handbook chapter is to describe basic Bayesian methods, chronicle the recent history of their application in political science and international relations, and then highlight important ...