The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.
Chapter 14: Models of Coalition Politics: Recent Developments and New Directions
Models of Coalition Politics: Recent Developments and New Directions
Coalition bargaining is at the heart of politics in most parliamentary democracies, particularly those operating under proportional representation electoral rules. Elections in such systems usually leave no single party in control of a majority of legislative seats. At the same time, governments must maintain the support of a parliamentary majority to survive votes of (no-)confidence and to pass legislation.1 As a consequence, the formation of a government typically involves bargaining among multiple parties to produce a joint policy program and to distribute the various ‘spoils’ of office, such as cabinet ministries, among its members.2 Given the prevalence of multiparty governments, it is not surprising that the study of coalition politics has been ...