The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.
Chapter 10: Institutional Theory and Method
Institutional Theory and Method
In the period following the Second World War, political science was characterized by the rapid growth of the behavioral research program, which emphasized the role of individual attributes and decisions in political outcomes. For a time, the ‘behavioral revolution’ seemed to eclipse what had been the dominant paradigm of political science research – institutionalism. Yet despite the relevance of behavioralism, the current wave of populism sweeping the United States and Europe signals the enduring impact of institutions in the political world. When politicians and their supporters rail against the ‘political establishment’, they are articulating a rejection of institutions, but also recognizing the significance of those institutions. If the study of individual political identities merits the ...