The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.
Chapter 7: Theory Building for Causal Inference: EITM Research Projects
Theory Building for Causal Inference: EITM Research Projects
The golden rule that any empirics without theory is, at best, descriptive is likely to be taught to any undergraduate student in her very first year. And there is nothing wrong with this. At the most basic level, the rule reminds us that whatever the co-occurrence of two events, or however strong the correlation of two variables might be, we should not stumble into a fallacy, for example, believing that babies are delivered by storks when observing an association between the number of storks and the number of human births. At a more specific level, the rule includes a warning, namely that any sort of evidence for the specific causal mechanism which a theoretical ...