This is an ideal text for advanced courses in research methods and experimental design. It argues that the methodology of quantitative research is a unified discipline with basic notions, procedures and ways of reasoning which can be applied across the social, behavioural and life sciences. Key designs, models and methods in research are covered by leading contributors in their field who seek to explain the fundamentals of the research process to enable the student to understand the broader implications and unifying themes.

Cross-sectional Research

7.1 Cross-sectional surveys

7.1.1 About sample surveys

Studies can be carried out in several ways. On the one hand, you have experimental studies, in which you have control over some of the variables to be observed. This makes it possible to detect and check relationships between variables. There are also study designs in which control over variables is not required or not possible. This is the area of observational ...

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