Research Basics: Design to Data Analysis in Six Steps offers a fresh and creative approach to the research process based on author James V. Spickard’s decades of teaching experience. Using an intuitive six–step model, readers learn how to craft a research question and then identify a logical process for answering it. Conversational writing and multi–disciplinary examples illuminate the model’s simplicity and power, effectively connecting the “hows” and “whys” behind social science research. Students using this book will learn how to turn their research questions into results.

Step 2: Choose a Logical Structure for Your Research

Once you’ve developed your research question, you have to figure out how to answer it. This starts with logic. You need to look at your question and recognize what it is asking you to do. Is it asking you to compare things? To describe something in detail? To show how something happens? To develop new skills for solving practical problems? These are a few of the many possibilities we will encounter in this chapter. You first identify which of these possibilities applies to your project. Then you outline the logical structure you need to follow as you carry out your research.

Let’s start with some examples, to make things concrete. Then we’ll take a look at ...

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