Fresh, insightful and clear, this exciting textbook provides an engaging introduction to the application of qualitative methodology in the real world. Expert researchers then trace the history and philosophical underpinnings of different methodologies, explore the specific demands each places upon the researcher and robustly set out relevant issues surrounding quality and rigor. Featured methodologies include action research, discourse analysis, ethnography, grounded theory, case studies and narrative inquiry. This practical book provides a helpful guide to the research process - it introduces the relevant methods of generating, collecting and analysing data for each discrete methodology and then looks at best practice for presenting findings. This enables new researchers to compare qualitative methods and to confidently select the approach most appropriate for their own research projects. Key features include: • Summary table for each chapter - allowing quick checks to test knowledge • ‘Window into’ sections - real world examples showing each methodology in action • Student activities • Learning objectives • Full glossary • Annotated suggestions for further reading • Links to downloadable SAGE articles • Links to relevant websites and organizations This is an invaluable resource for students and researchers across the social sciences and a must-have guide for those embarking on a research project. Visit the accompanying companion website for a range of free additional resources.
Chapter 11: Phenomenology
After reading this chapter, you will be able to:
- Outline the philosophical underpinnings of phenomenology
- Identify the key philosophers involved in its development
- Describe the different types of phenomenology
- Discuss the role of the researcher undertaking a phenomenological study
- Describe the strategies for data generation and analysis
- Outline some of the ways that phenomenological research findings can be presented
Phenomenology is the careful and systematic reflective study of the lived experience. While there are a number of differing iterations of phenomenology, all proponents share an interest in understanding the notion of what it is like to be human and what constitutes our lived world (Smith, Flowers and Larkin, 2009a). Phenomenology's influence in the health sciences is such that it ...