Fresh, insightful and clear, this exciting textbook provides an engaging introduction to the application of qualitative methodology in the real world. Expert researchers then trace the history and philosophical underpinnings of different methodologies, explore the specific demands each places upon the researcher and robustly set out relevant issues surrounding quality and rigor. Featured methodologies include action research, discourse analysis, ethnography, grounded theory, case studies and narrative inquiry. This practical book provides a helpful guide to the research process - it introduces the relevant methods of generating, collecting and analysing data for each discrete methodology and then looks at best practice for presenting findings. This enables new researchers to compare qualitative methods and to confidently select the approach most appropriate for their own research projects. Key features include: • Summary table for each chapter - allowing quick checks to test knowledge • ‘Window into’ sections - real world examples showing each methodology in action • Student activities • Learning objectives • Full glossary • Annotated suggestions for further reading • Links to downloadable SAGE articles • Links to relevant websites and organizations This is an invaluable resource for students and researchers across the social sciences and a must-have guide for those embarking on a research project. Visit the accompanying companion website for a range of free additional resources.
Chapter 4: Action Research
After reading this chapter, you should be able to:
- outline the history and development of action research and some of the influences that have impacted on it
- discuss the importance in action research of involving participants in the research and being flexible and responsive to the research situation
- defend sources of quality and rigour in action research, in recognition that it seems to violate many of the traditional evaluation criteria
- discuss action research as an empowering research philosophy
- examine action research as a cyclic process for researching change as it happens
- describe the ways in which information is collected, analysed, utilized and reported in action research
Action research is distinguished from other research methodologies by three characteristics in conjunction. It is action ...