Covers an often-omitted subject in general qualitative textbook Benefits from the extensive qualitative research experience of its author Provides starting point templates for readers conducting original qualitative research Offers readers suggestions for using and adapting the qualitative instrument templates Ties each template back to methods and methodology to ensure trustworthiness and rigor Provides templates of interview protocols, focus group moderator guides, content analysis tools, document analysis tools, reflective questionnaires, diary and journal logs, and observational rubrics Gives the reader either a cut-and-paste solution for their own research or a starting point to design their own personalized qualitative tools.

Document and Artifact Analysis Tools

Document analysis is a systematic procedure for reviewing or evaluating documents to … elicit meaning, gain understanding … in qualitative research.

(Bowen, 2009, p. 27)

The study of material culture is thus of importance for qualitative researchers who wish to explore multiple and conflicting voices, differing and interacting interpretations … and are necessary for most social constructs.

(Hodder, 2003, p. 159)

Documents and Artifacts Defined

As humans, we create a trail of evidence for others to see, touch, read, and interpret. The very nature of society is to create and generate these points of evidence, which can be captured in numerous formats. There is a core of commonly accepted types of documents and artifacts (sometimes known as material culture) that qualitative researchers can use ...

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