In this fully updated and expanded Second Edition, Carol Grbich provides a guide through current issues in the analysis of qualitative data. Packed with detailed examples, a glossary, further reading lists and a section on writing up, this easy to read text is exactly what you need to get you started in qualitative research. The new edition covers analytical approaches including: Grounded theory Classical, existential and hermeneutic phenomenology Feminist research including memory work Classical, auto- and cyberethnography as well as ethnodrama Content, narrative, conversation and discourse analysis Visual interpretation Semiotic, structural and poststructural analyses A one-stop-shop for students new to qualitative data analysis!

Critical ethnographic approaches

Critical ethnographic approaches

Critical ethnography comes out of the classical ethnographic tradition but the notion of critical’ takes it beyond a descriptive hermeneutic approach to an interpretation dependent on critical theorising. Here the focus becomes identifying where power lies, how it is maintained, and how this might be changed. Feminist and action research approaches are closely linked to this tradition.

Key Points

  • Background and purpose of critical ethnography
  • Criteria for a critical ethnography
  • Carspecken's five-stage process
    • criticisms of Carspecken's approach
  • Research examples of contemporary critical ethnographies
  • General guidelines for undertaking a critical ethnography
  • Thematic analysis


When to use: Critical ethnographic approaches are particularly useful when you are concerned about issues of power in society - who has power? How is it distributed and maintained? Are those currently disempowered actually contributing ...

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