KEY FEATURES: A student-friendly writing style makes the content more approachable for readers to retain. Personal stories from fellows of the Association of Psychological Science (APS) convey to readers that even the most distinguished experts make mistakes that can be avoided through examination. Critical thinking questions give students the opportunity to reflect on preceding essays. Stories from all areas of psychology appeal to learners beyond subfields of psychology.

Not Establishing the Cross-Cultural Validity of Measures of Key Constructs in a High-Stakes Field Experiment

Not Establishing the Cross-Cultural Validity of Measures of Key Constructs in a High-Stakes Field Experiment

J. Lawrence Aber

One of the most important tasks in conducting psychological research is to establish that the measures one uses in research reliably and validly index the constructs one intends to measure. Examples of constructs and measures in my subfield of developmental psychology abound. For example, the security of young children’s attachment to their primary caregivers (the construct) is best measured by the pattern of young children’s behaviors before, during, and after a brief separation from their parents in the “strange situation” paradigm (the measure; Ainsworth, 1970). Similarly, preschool children’s ability to delay gratification (the construct) is measured by minutes of time ...

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