This one-of-a-kind book fills a gap in the literature by providing readers with a systematic approach to monitoring and evaluation (M&E) training for programs and projects. Bridging theoretical concepts with practical, how-to knowledge, the authors draw upon the scholarly literature, applied resources, and over 50 years of combined experience to provide expert guidance that can be tailored to different M&E training needs and contexts, including those for novices, professionals, organizations and their staff, community members, and other groups with a desire to learn and sustain sound M&E practices.

Panel Discussions and Debates

Panel Discussions and Debates


A moderated discussion or debate in which external experts or trainees themselves explore different viewpoints for a relevant topic, situation, or problem.


Panel discussions or debates are useful for controversial topics, opinion sharing, and affective learning. They can also be entertaining for the audience. External panelists can introduce expertise, and other viewpoints, and can help make learning more relevant and real (Adult Learning Principle 6; Chapter 4, Table 4.4). Using trainees as panelists can be empowering and highlight their own knowledge and experience (Adult Learning Principles 4 and 5).


Participation prioritizes panelists over audience (although audience participation can be facilitated through questions and debriefs). Quiet-spoken members may be reluctant to participate.


Depending on the learning objectives, example external panelists include people who conduct household ...

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