This one-of-a-kind book fills a gap in the literature by providing readers with a systematic approach to monitoring and evaluation (M&E) training for programs and projects. Bridging theoretical concepts with practical, how-to knowledge, the authors draw upon the scholarly literature, applied resources, and over 50 years of combined experience to provide expert guidance that can be tailored to different M&E training needs and contexts, including those for novices, professionals, organizations and their staff, community members, and other groups with a desire to learn and sustain sound M&E practices.

Subgroup Forming


Activities that divide learners into subgroups to prepare for the facilitation of one or a series of learning activities.


Subgroups are useful to vary the level of interaction for different activities and provide more opportunity for individual participation, input, and peer learning (Adult Learning Principles 4 and 10, Chapter 4, Table 4.4). It can be empowering for subgroups to accomplish tasks and solve problems as a team and motivating when combined with sharing and reporting back activity outcomes and lessons in plenary discussion. Subgroups are also useful for arranging learners according to different criteria, such as gender, language, prior experience, abilities, interests, learning topics, or problem solving (supporting Adult Learning Principle 10 for differentiated instruction).


Like plenary discussion, outspoken group members can also dominate ...

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