This one-of-a-kind book fills a gap in the literature by providing readers with a systematic approach to monitoring and evaluation (M&E) training for programs and projects. Bridging theoretical concepts with practical, how-to knowledge, the authors draw upon the scholarly literature, applied resources, and over 50 years of combined experience to provide expert guidance that can be tailored to different M&E training needs and contexts, including those for novices, professionals, organizations and their staff, community members, and other groups with a desire to learn and sustain sound M&E practices.



An activity intended to welcome and warm up conversation among learners at the start of M&E training.


Icebreakers help establish the learning environment, can contribute to learners’ need to know, and make training more active and fun (Adult Learning Principles 1, 2, and 8; Chapter 4, Table 4.4). They are useful to relieve inhibitions or tensions that people may have at training start and can help establish rapport and a positive learning atmosphere. They are also useful to gauge training participants early on and how they interact.


Icebreakers can distract from learning time when unrelated to learning content, and they may be unnecessary when learners are already familiar with one another. When poorly facilitated, icebreakers can set a damaging tone for the training.

Additional considerations

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