Methods in Psychological Research introduces students to the rich world of research in psychology through student-friendly writing, compelling real-world examples, and frequent opportunities for practice. Using a relaxed yet supportive tone that eases student anxiety, the authors present a mixture of conceptual and practical discussions, and spark reader interest in research by covering meaningful topics that resonate with today’s students. In-text features like Conceptual Exercises, FYI sections, and FAQ sections with accompanying visual cues support learning throughout the research experience. The Fourth Edition equips students with the tools they need to understand research concepts, conduct their own experiments, and present their findings.

Analyzing, Interpreting, and Summarizing Research Data

Analyzing, Interpreting, and Summarizing Research Data


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After studying this chapter, students should be able to do the following:

  • Explain the role of statistics in the research process
  • Calculate three measures of central tendency and two measures of variability that researchers use to describe their data
  • Conduct and interpret the outcome of a t test, an F test, a chi-square test, and a correlational test of significance

If you are a typical student taking a course in research methods, you may be expected to do the following:

  • Find a topic that interests you
  • Search the literature in the area
  • Design a study to assess a specific hypothesis or hypotheses
  • Collect your data
  • Analyze those data
  • Interpret the analysis
  • Make conclusions about the research you have done

This chapter is for you!

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