What is qualitative secondary analysis? How can it be most effectively applied in social research? This timely and accomplished book offers readers a well informed, reliable guide to all aspects of qualitative secondary analysis. The book: Defines secondary analysis. Distinguishes between quantitative and qualitative secondary analysis. Maps the main types of qualitative secondary analysis. Covers the key ethical and legal issues. Offers a practical guide to effective research. Sets the agenda for future developments in the subject. Written by an experienced researcher and teacher with a background in sociology, the book is a comprehensive and invaluable introduction to this growing field of social research.

Contingency Tables

A contingency table is a tabulation which shows two (or more) variables, with the distribution of one variable's categories across the rows, and the other's down the columns, so that the interlocking row/column ‘cells’ give the number (or percentage) of cases in each part of the distributions of the two variables at once.

Section Outline: Looking at tables of data. Linking two variables. Example without numbers: gender and income. Rows, columns, marginals and cells. Describing cells. Percentages. Example: SPSS format for percentages. Eye-balling and measuring the strength of association. From 2 × 2, to multivariate tables.

The contingency table (or ‘cross-tabulation’) is one of the most useful – and simple – techniques in quantitative analysis (Quantitative Methods). This is sometimes obscured by the technical names given ...

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