Using a truly accessible and reader-friendly approach, this comprehensive introduction to statistics redefines the way statistics can be taught and learned. Unlike other books that merely focus on procedures, Reid’s approach balances development of critical thinking skills with application of those skills to contemporary statistical analysis. He goes beyond simply presenting techniques by focusing on the key concepts readers need to master in order to ensure their long-term success. Indeed, this exciting new book offers the perfect foundation upon which readers can build as their studies and careers progress to more advanced forms of statistics. Keeping computational challenges to a minimum, Reid shows readers not only how to conduct a variety of commonly used statistical procedures, but also when each procedure should be utilized and how they are related. Following a review of descriptive statistics, he begins his discussion of inferential statistics with a two-chapter examination of the Chi Square test to introduce students to hypothesis testing, the importance of determining effect size, and the need for post hoc tests. When more complex procedures related to interval/ratio data are covered, students already have a solid understanding of the foundational concepts involved. Exploring challenging topics in an engaging and easy-to-follow manner, Reid builds concepts logically and supports learning through robust pedagogical tools, the use of SPSS, numerous examples, historical quotations, insightful questions, and helpful progress checks.

# Introduction : Why You Need to Understand Statistical Reasoning

### Introduction : Why You Need to Understand Statistical Reasoning

Few things mislead us more than failure to grasp simple statistical principles.

—Sharon Begley

Statistics is a general term for a variety of procedures that have been found to be helpful, even essential, in fields such as psychology, economics, biology, and political science, as well as many others. Newspapers are filled with statistical statements. Politicians turn to statistics for support of their policies as well as to attack their opponents. What would sports be without statistical analyses? Our high standard of living would not be possible without the use of statistics in business and finance. Our health has been immeasurably enhanced by employing statistical procedures. And, when we die, though it is a time of sadness and ...

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