What statistical test should I use for this kind of data? How do I set up the data? What parameters should I specify when ordering the test? How do I interpret the results? Herschel Knapp’s friendly and approachable guide to real-world statistics answers these questions. Intermediate Statistics Using SPSS is not about abstract statistical theory or the derivation or memorization of statistical formulas–it is about applied statistics. With jargon-free language and clear processing instructions, this text covers the most common statistical functions–from basic to more advanced. Practical exercises at the conclusion of each chapter offer students an opportunity to process viable data sets, write cohesive abstracts in APA style, and build a thorough comprehension of the statistical process. Students will learn by doing with this truly practical approach to statistics. Free downloadable tutorial videos provide an overview of each statistical method!

### Working in SPSS

Computers are useless. They can only give you answers.

—Pablo Picasso

### Learning Objectives

Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to do the following:

• Operate in the two primary views in SPSS: Variable View and Data View.
• Establish or modify variable definitions on the Variable View screen: name, type, width, decimals, label, values, missing, columns, align, measure, and role.
• Use the Value Label icon to alternate between numeric and label (text) displays.
• Interpret and use a codebook to configure variables in SPSS.
• Enter data into SPSS.
• Save and identify SPSS data files.

### Video

The video for this chapter is Ch 02 – Working in SPSS.mp4. This video provides guidance on setting up an SPSS database, entering data, and saving SPSS files.

### Overview—SPSS

Based on what you have read thus far, you have ...