In addition to hundreds of new references features new to this edition include: a comprehensive introduction to qualitative methods including a review of existing computer applications for collecting and analyzing data; the latest information about the use of computers and online research techniques, including the use of the Internet to locate actual research instruments and journal articles; updated coverage on new scales, internal and external validity, and new analytic techniques with extensive references on each; abstracts, citations and subject groupings by measurement tool of the last five years of the American Sociological Review, Social Psychology Quarterly, and the American Journal of Sociology; extensive coverage of how to prepare manuscripts for publication, including a list of all journals covered by Sociological Abstracts along with the editorial office address and URL for each entry; new coverage of ethical issues; expansion of social indicators to include international coverage; discussion of the importance of policy research with presentation and discussion of specific models as an adjunct to both applied and basic research techniques; and the addition of an index to facilitate the reader's ability to quickly locate a topic.
Measures of community variables are limited. One of the first attempts to secure measures of the goodness of a city was made by E. L. Thorndike. His research monograph Our City (1939) provided the first careful attempt to evaluate the quality of American cities. Ratingsof310Americancitieswith populationsofmorethan30,000were made. Inhis144SmallerCities(1940), Thorndike applied his “goodness” rating to cities with populations between 20,000 and 30,000. The method requires the gathering of statistics on factors not easily obtained. Paul B. Gillen (1951), in the Distribution of Occupations as a City Yardstick, presents a shorter technique based on the occupational ...