In addition to hundreds of new references features new to this edition include: a comprehensive introduction to qualitative methods including a review of existing computer applications for collecting and analyzing data; the latest information about the use of computers and online research techniques, including the use of the Internet to locate actual research instruments and journal articles; updated coverage on new scales, internal and external validity, and new analytic techniques with extensive references on each; abstracts, citations and subject groupings by measurement tool of the last five years of the American Sociological Review, Social Psychology Quarterly, and the American Journal of Sociology; extensive coverage of how to prepare manuscripts for publication, including a list of all journals covered by Sociological Abstracts along with the editorial office address and URL for each entry; new coverage of ethical issues; expansion of social indicators to include international coverage; discussion of the importance of policy research with presentation and discussion of specific models as an adjunct to both applied and basic research techniques; and the addition of an index to facilitate the reader's ability to quickly locate a topic.

Measures of Organizational Structure

A number of basic facts about organizational measurement should be considered in sociological studies:

  • A large number of structural attributes and interpersonal relationships exists both within a single organization and across different organizations.
  • Development of organizational measurement has come a long way in recent years, but serious shortcomings remain.
  • There is little standardization of the measures used in studying organizations. The lack of standardization hinders development of organizational theory and forces the researcher to use a high degree of judgment in selecting an organizational measure.
  • Although the measurement and description of structure is an interesting process ...
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