In addition to hundreds of new references features new to this edition include: a comprehensive introduction to qualitative methods including a review of existing computer applications for collecting and analyzing data; the latest information about the use of computers and online research techniques, including the use of the Internet to locate actual research instruments and journal articles; updated coverage on new scales, internal and external validity, and new analytic techniques with extensive references on each; abstracts, citations and subject groupings by measurement tool of the last five years of the American Sociological Review, Social Psychology Quarterly, and the American Journal of Sociology; extensive coverage of how to prepare manuscripts for publication, including a list of all journals covered by Sociological Abstracts along with the editorial office address and URL for each entry; new coverage of ethical issues; expansion of social indicators to include international coverage; discussion of the importance of policy research with presentation and discussion of specific models as an adjunct to both applied and basic research techniques; and the addition of an index to facilitate the reader's ability to quickly locate a topic.

Choosing a Research Design

Choosing a Research Design

Empirical research in social science proceeds in a variety of settings and contexts. The choice of a design setting for any research project is generally of vital concern to the researcher, who seeks to determine the validity of a hypothesis and how best to discover evidence to either accept or reject it. Social phenomena are almost always complex, and control of the relevant variables that contribute to that complexity is difficult at best.

The major question then becomes, “What design will best ascertain associations or causal paths among all the relevant variables?” How the research design goes ...

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