This Handbook deals with many aspects of public policy evaluation including methods, examples, studies, professionalism, perspectives, concepts, trends, substance, theory, applications, dispute resolution, interdisciplinary interaction and bibliographies. A rich variety of insights and alternative perspectives on systematic policy evaluation, as well as ideas and applications dealing with win-win policy evaluation are, brought together to create a unique resource in public policy evaluation.
Chapter 22: Causal Relations Among Policy Fields
Causal Relations Among Policy Fields
Table 22.1 shows causal relations among four basic policy fields. Each field has an opportunity to be a cause and an effect. This results in 16 relations (4 × 4), which reduces to 12 after eliminating the possibility of each policy field acting against itself.
Economy Affects Technology. When the economy is prosperous, business firms spend more money on research and development. They less money in times of ...