The Second Edition of Building Evaluation Capacity provides 89 highly structured activities which require minimal instructor preparation and encourage application-based learning of how to design and conduct evaluation studies. Ideal for use in program evaluation courses, professional development workshops, and organization stakeholder trainings, the activities cover the entire process of evaluation, including: understanding what evaluation is; the politics and ethics; the influence of culture; various models, approaches and designs; data collection and analysis methods; communicating and reporting progress and findings; and building and sustaining support. Each activity includes an overview, instructional objectives, minimum and maximum number of participants, range of time required, materials needed, primary instructional method, and procedures for facilitators to help learners in the most common evaluation practices.

Evaluation Models, Approaches, and Designs

Evaluation Models, Approaches, and Designs


This section includes activities that address

  • Understanding and selecting evaluation models and approaches
  • Understanding and selecting evaluation designs

The following information is provided as a brief introduction to the topics covered in these activities.

Evaluation Models and Approaches

The following models and approaches are frequently mentioned in the evaluation literature.

Behavioral Objectives Approach.

This approach focuses on the degree to which the objectives of a program, product, or process have been achieved. Christie and Alkin (2005) stated: “Objectives-based evaluation [emphasis added] refers to a class of evaluation approaches that centers on the specification of objectives and the measurement of outcomes” (p. 282). The major question guiding this kind of evaluation is, “Is the program, product, or process achieving its objectives?”

The Four-Level Model.

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