Being Ethnographic is an essential introductory guidebook to the methods and applications of doing fieldwork in real-world settings. It discusses the future of ethnography, explores how we understand identity, and sets out the role of technology in a global, networked society. Driven by classic and anecdotal case studies, this new Second Edition highlights the challenges introduced by the ethnographers' own interests, biases and ideologies, and demonstrates the importance of methodological reflexivity. Addressing both the why and how questions of doing ethnography well, author Raymond Madden demonstrates how both theory and practice can work together to produce insights into the human condition. Filled with invaluable advice for applying ethnographic principles in the field, this fully updated text will give researchers across social sciences everything they need to walk a mile in someone else’s shoes.

Analysis to Interpretation: Writing ‘Out’ Data

Organising primary data

At this point we turn from the language of experience, and recording that experience, to the language of data, and securing, managing and organising that data to get the most out of our analysis and interpretation. In Chapter 6 we looked at the ethnographer as the creator of ethnographic data, principally fieldnotes, but also we considered that sketches or diagrams, photographs or film are also part of this ‘primary production’ process, noting as we did that these early inscriptions are formed through the strategic and instrumental frameworks of the ethnographer. As such, claims that fieldnotes are ‘raw’ data are best dealt with critically. A generalisation we can make about ethnographic data is that all good ...

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