The Second Edition of An Applied Guide to Research Designs offers researchers in the social and behavioral sciences guidance for selecting the most appropriate research design to apply in their study. Using consistent terminology, the authors visually present a range of research designs used in quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods to help readers conceptualize, construct, test, and problem solve in their investigation. The Second Edition features revamped and expanded coverage of research designs, new real-world examples and references, a new chapter on action research, and updated ancillaries.

Action Research Approaches

The action research approach is a form of research that enables individuals to reveal functional solutions to problems encountered in the context in which they operate or work. The general framework (which can be likened to the scientific method) includes a cyclical approach, starting with the identification of the problem, data collection, analysis, and then a feedback phase. Chevalier and Buckles (2013) discussed action research as a spiral of activity, including the phases of plan, act, observe, and reflect. Stringer (2013) presented the action research model in three phases: look, think, and act. Action research is best suited for educational, health, and community organizations in which the intent is to generalize the findings back to the sample and context where the ...

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