The Second Edition of An Applied Guide to Research Designs offers researchers in the social and behavioral sciences guidance for selecting the most appropriate research design to apply in their study. Using consistent terminology, the authors visually present a range of research designs used in quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods to help readers conceptualize, construct, test, and problem solve in their investigation. The Second Edition features revamped and expanded coverage of research designs, new real-world examples and references, a new chapter on action research, and updated ancillaries.

Phenomenological Perspective

Phenomenology, put simply, is the description of an individual’s immediate experience. The phenomenological approach was born out of Edmond Husserl’s philosophical position that the starting point for knowledge was the self’s experience of phenomena, such as one’s conscious perceptions and sensations that arise from life experience. From this philosophy emerged the modern-day phenomenological approach to research with the goal of understanding how individuals construct reality. Researchers use the phenomenological approach when they are interested in exploring the meaning, composition, and core of the lived experience of specific phenomena. The researcher explores the conscious experiences of an individual in an attempt to distill these experiences or get at their essence.

Existential Design

The aim is to illuminate the essential general meaning structure of a specific ...

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