In Action Research: Living Theory, authors Jean McNiff and Jack Whitehead set out their vision of what action research should be and can be in the 21st Century. This brilliantly-written, passionate, and compelling book, defines the philosophy behind action research and the process of doing action research for all those interested in this fast growing area. It establishes the foundations of action research as a discipline, and roots action research as a compassionate, ethical, and politically-engaged form of inquiry. This book will be essential reading for all those with an interest in Action Research.

Chapter 4: Monitoring Practice and Gathering Data: What kind of data will we gather to show the situation as it unfolds?

Monitoring Practice and Gathering Data: What kind of data will we gather to show the situation as it unfolds?

In this chapter we set out our understanding of what monitoring practice and gathering data involve, and how we practise in this regard.

We understand data as referring to the actions and phenomena that are recorded, gathered and stored in artefacts such as computer files, notes and video tape recordings. They are gathered throughout the research on a systematic basis, to show the action as it unfolds. The purpose of gathering data is to generate evidence to support and test a claim to knowledge (theory). Data and evidence are different things (see Chapter 5), so, from the start, it is important to gather data that will ...

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