KEY FEATURES: Introduces students to developing research questions and shows their importance in driving research design. Rarely taught topics, such as how to enter and clean data, offer students information missed in both research methods and statistics courses. Shows how to write up survey results for academic, business and nonprofit reports to alleviate the confusion students feel about how to write up findings. Rigorous treatment of sampling focuses on many sampling issues from probability theory to weighting. Offers the process of actually conducting a survey with advice on administering surveys, incentives, and improving response rates.

Who Ensures That Research Is Ethical?

Erin Ruel

There was no ethical oversight of medical research until after WWII, when the atrocities of the Nazi’s research agenda were made public. In the United States, research ethics violations continued through to the 1970s, however. For example, the 40-year-long Tuskegee study, examining syphilis in Black men, continued long after a cure was found, but without providing the men with the cure. In 1974, the National Research Act established the Institutional Review Board (IRB) system for regulating research with human beings, which exists today.

All universities that engage in federally funded research have their own IRB that oversees that university’s human subject’s research. An IRB is a committee, made up of university members and local community members, whose purpose ...

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