In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand basic statistical concepts. 100 Questions (and Answers) About Statistics addresses the essential questions that students ask about statistics in a concise and accessible way. It is perfect for instructors, students, and practitioners as a supplement to more comprehensive materials, or as a desk reference with quick answers to the most frequently asked questions.

# How Can I Use Excel to Calculate Factorial Analysis of Variance?

### How Can I Use Excel to Calculate Factorial Analysis of Variance?

We are using the following example to examine whether there are differences between the means for two factors: gender (male and female adults are represented by rows in the below data) and type of program (program 1, program 2, and program 3—represented by columns in the data). The outcome or dependent variable is a score from 1 to 10 on a language skills test, with 10 being the highest possible score. There are two research hypotheses that Excel can test. One is that there is a difference between males and females, and the other is that there is a difference in language skills as a function of the type of program in which ...

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