In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand basic statistical concepts. 100 Questions (and Answers) About Statistics addresses the essential questions that students ask about statistics in a concise and accessible way. It is perfect for instructors, students, and practitioners as a supplement to more comprehensive materials, or as a desk reference with quick answers to the most frequently asked questions.

# What Are the Steps in Applying a Statistical Test to a Research Hypothesis?

### What Are the Steps in Applying a Statistical Test to a Research Hypothesis?

Each research hypothesis has associated with it a particular type of statistic. For example, to test the difference between the average scores for males and females on an exam, one would use a t-test for independent means.

And each of these test statistics has associated with it a special distribution, which you compare with the data you obtain from a sample. Comparing the characteristics of the sample to the characteristics of the test distribution allows you to conclude whether the sample characteristics are different from what you would expect by chance.

Here are the general steps to take in the application of a statistical test to any research hypothesis:

• Make a statement of the ...