Ethics in educational research are multifaceted, contextual, emergent, and relational; considering ethics critically requires attention to the procedural and transactional as well as the relational and sociopolitical. Ethical and valid research necessitates that educational researchers understand and approach their roles with humility and carefully consider these issues.
This entry begins by discussing ethical issues that are embedded in research processes and [Page 608]relationships including researcher reflexivity, the expert–learner binary, the relational approach to research, research boundaries, and reciprocity. It then describes processes used so that research conforms to ethical standards, including institutional review boards (IRBs), ethics committees, and codes of ethics. The entry concludes by examining the concepts of informed consent and assent and looking at the differences between confidentiality and anonymity and the challenges to ...
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