Dysgraphia is a brain-based written language disability defined by difficulty in finding letters in memory, retrieving them, and writing them legibly and automatically. Some think handwriting is just a motor skill, but it also depends on orthographic coding, serial finger movements, and integrating orthographic coding with serial finger movements. Orthographic coding is seeing letters alone or in written words in the “mind’s eye.”

Dysgraphia occurs in individuals whose cognitive abilities are in the normal range and even above average. Dysgraphia is a disorder in letter-level writing, which in turn may affect the fluency and quality of written work at the word, sentence, and paragraph levels. It may present as inconsistency in letter formation, inconsistent use of uppercase and lowercase letters, difficulty organizing written work on the ...

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